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"Have You Not Seen Those Who Exchanged the Bounty of God with Disbelief..." (Quran 14:28)
Fatwas Part Fifty-Three
The Timing of the Fasting Month of Ramadan (3): Ramadan within the Historical Accounts of the Muhammadans
An advice to every Egyptian, thinking about conversion;
The Test of Succession in the Land between Moses' Pharaoh and the Israelites (1 of 2)
When Thieves Rule!
Quranic Terminology: Perhaps
We Have Lived Feeling Our Egyptian Nationality as a Disgrace:
Torture within Quranist Viewpoint (3): The Taste of Torture/Torment
Torture within Quranist Viewpoint (12): On Avoiding Torment by Repentance
The Conclusion of Our Book Titled (Torment and Torture within a Quranist Vision)
EN QUÊTE D'UN SOURIRE...
Le camp du mal qui soutient le terrorisme au Moyen-Age (3): La région du Najd en Arabie
Chomsky and Palestine: Asset or Liability?
Stop Abusing Islam
L'axe du mal qui soutient le terrorisme à notre époque moderne (4): la région du Najd en Arabie saoudite
Did Prophet Muhammad Know the Meaning of Everything in the Holy Quran?
Fatwas Part Ninety-One
Separating Spouses- A Detailed Answer
In the occasion of the Nigerian suicide bomber on West Jet airline fro
About the CPJ condemning sentencing a Mauritanian Blogger to Death

Last week, The Committee to Protect Journalists  in New York condemned a death sentence that was handed down to Mauritanian blogger Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mohamed on apostasy charges, in connection to an article he published a year ago called "Religion, religiosity and craftsmen," which said that followers of Islam interpreted the religion according to circumstance and criticized Mauritania's caste system.

 

In court, Mohamed said he had not intended to insult Prophet Muhammad and had repented, according to news reports. However, the court proceeded to sentence him to death because of political and religious motives. A killing fatwa was issued against Mohamed, and nationwide demonstrations led his family to denounce him and his lawyer to drop him. No other lawyer other than those assigned by the court then came forward to take up his case. Mohamed is currently waiting for possible pardoning by the Supreme Court if his repentance is “verified”, according to article 306 of the Mauritanian penal code.

 

This is disturbing news for many around the world who believed the era of medieval inquisitions has passed. It is also disturbing for those like me who believes true Islam is a force of freedom, peace and justice, not oppression and subjection. However, it is hardly a surprise for me and many others who are familiar with the Sunni heritage itself, and deny the existence of the so-called apostasy punishment in Islam based on the word of Quran itself, and the historical facts. 

 

(Muhammad Ibn Iss-haq) wrote Prophet Mohamed’s biography, pursuant to the order of the Abbasid Caliph (Al Mahdi), according to Sunni tradition. At that time, and for hundreds years to come, there was no written biography of Prophet Mohamed after his death. (Ibn Iss-haq) wrote the Prophet's biography from the figments of his imagination to satisfy the Caliph (Al Mahdi), making  the character of Prophet Muhammad  much like that of  Abbasid caliph (Al-Mansour), the father of Caliph (Al Mahdi), who cemented the Abbasid state with an iron fist and blood and was famous for treachery, conspiracy and murder of prisoners.

 

(Ibn Iss-haq) attributed what he wrote on the topic of the Prophet’s biography, to stories of narrators of the most famous (Ibn Shihab Ezzuhri). However, analytical analysis of his history proves that (Ezzuhri) was not within the ranks of the prophet’s companions, for he was born in El-Medina the same year that the esteemed (Aisha-The Prophets youngest wife)) passed away, in the year 58 Hijri and died in 124 Hijri. (Ezzuhri) also was a traitor to his people, dwellers of Al-Medina, which was the home of the opposition to the Umayyads, who violated its sanctity through murder, rape and pillage in the battle of El-Harra.

 

(Ezzuhri) has also reasons for ill intent. He witnessed as a child the tragedy of his people in that battle and lived the sorrows of the people of Al-Medina, but he moved to Damascus offering his services to the Caliph (Abdul Malik Bin Marwan), who re-established and consolidated the Umayyad dynasty. Complying with the orders of Caliph (Abdul Malik), (Ibn Shihab Ezzuhri) returned to Al-Medina to learn more from its elders. Then (Abdul Malik bin Marwan) came to Al-Medina in 75 Hijri, threatening the people of Al–Medina with his famous sermon in which he said he would murder anyone who tells him to (Fear God). Because of his inherence to (Hisham) and his sons, it was said that (Hisham bin Abdul Malik) accompanied (Ezzuhri) with him on the pilgrimage in 106 Hijri, the year following his assumption of the caliphate.

 

(Abdul-Malik) took (Ibn Shihab Ezzuhri) to Damascus to work full-time at the palace as a tutor to his boys. (Abdul Malik Bin Marwan) passed away in 86 Hijri. One year before his demise, (Ibn Ishaq) was born; 85 Hijri. At that time, (Ezzuhri) had left Al-Medina entirely. He was in retreat at the Umayyad caliphate palaces in Damascus serving the Caliph (Abdul Malik), then served his son (Al-Walid bin Abdul Malik), who died in 96 and then Caliph (Suleiman bin Abdul Malik) who died in 99. Then (Umar bin Abdul Aziz), who died in 101 then (Yazid bin Abdul Malik-Yazid II), who died in 105, and (Hisham), who died in 125. (Ezzuhri) died one year before the latter.

 

While (Ezzuhri) was pre-occupied with serving the Umayyads in Damascus, (Ibn Iss-haq) was born in Al-Medina in 85, and while (Ibn Iss-haq) was seeking knowledge at the hands of learned men in Al-Medina , (Ezzuhri) was away in the palaces of the Umayyads in Damascus until he died in 124. So, where do you think they have met? It means that (Ibn Iss-haq) was lying in his writing, all along in all his novels that he wrote about the Prophet Mohamed during the Abbasid period after the death of (Ezzuhri) and claimed that he had heard it from him.

 

Most importantly, (Mohamed), the Mauritanian blogger, quoted (Ibn Iss-haq)’s lies, also conveyed by (Et-Tabari) and (Ibn Hisham) in their history of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), which also contradicts the Quran. He used references from the Sunni tradition in his criticism of class inequality in Mauritania, which still has slavery as a prevailing system, and where the regime is enjoying Sunni Wahhabi legislation. Therefore, in return, Mauritanian legislators proved his point by using Mauritanian legislation to punish him with Sunni Wahhabi rule of apostasy.

 

Finally, the writer utilized (Ibn Iss-haq-ian) biography written by (Ibn Iss-haq) during the era of the Abbasid Caliph (Al-Mahdi), he is being punished with apostasy, which was also an invention during the era of the Abbasid caliph (Al-Mahdi). This Caliph used Apostasy Rule to chase his Persians opponents in Baghdad, Iraq. The ruling regime in Mauritania and its upper class used the apostasy rule to punish those demanding justice. This is an indication that we are still living in the era of Caliph (Al-Mahdi), but with a slight difference: the Abbasid state of (Al- Mahdi) was the superpower in the known world at the time, but now we have the State of Qatar as our Superpower. 


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