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Mental illness and the Will
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The Permissible and the Prohibited Food Items in Quranic Sharia Legislations
The Permissible, Obligatory, and Prohibited Types of Argument within the Religion of Islam
On Dialogue With “Illiberal Moderates”
Fatwas: Part Eight
Le Centre coranique international Dénonce l'Arrestation de l'écrivain coranique yéménite M. Abdul-Wahab Al-Nawary par les Houthistes
About Israel and the Israelite Tribes within a Quranist Vision
Fatwas Part One-Hundred-and-Seven
The Holy Quran as the Book of war of ideas
Aspects of their war of ideas in rejecting the Quran

 

Rules of engagement in war of ideas against Jihadists

Part one: Roots of war of ideas In Muslim World

Chapter 2: The Holy Quran as the Book of war of ideas

Aspects of their war of ideas in rejecting the Quran

1-Conferences to reject the Quran

There are verses in the Quran refer to conference were held by the leaders of Quraysh in waging war of ideas. Some of them had ordered people not to listen to the Quran, Allah responds to them saying :( 006.026 : And they prohibit (others) from it and go far away from it, and they only bring destruction upon their own souls while they do not perceive. ).

Some ordered the audience to make noise while reciting the Quran: (041.026 :And those who disbelieve say: Do not listen to this Quran and make noise therein, perhaps you may overcome. )Allah threatened them saying: 041.027: Therefore We will most certainly make those who disbelieve taste a severe punishment, and We will most certainly reward them for the evil deeds they used to do.) .

In some verses we can find many details describing their conferences in nights and the retribution that awaits them in the hill fire : ( 023.066  My verses were indeed recited to you, but you used to turn back on your heels, 023.067 In arrogance; talking nonsense about the Quran, and left him like one telling fables by night. 23.068 Is it then that they do not ponder over what is said, or is it that there has come to them that which did not come to their fathers of old? )

The Prophet Mohammed used to attend some of these conferences. He was ordered twice not to do it: ( 043.083 )( 070.042  ) So leave them plunging into false discourses and sporting until they meet their day which they are threatened with. ). Mohamed disobeyed this order, so he was blamed in this verse : ( 006.068 And when you see those who enter into false discourses about Our verses, withdraw from them until they enter into some other discourse, and if the Shaitan causes you to forget, then do not sit after recollection with the unjust people. )

Also some conferences were held in plotting violence against the Prophet Mohamed and his people: (008.030:And when those who disbelieved devised plans against you that they might confine you or slay you or drive you away; and they devised plans and Allah too had arranged a plan; and Allah is the best of planners.) . Prophet Mohamed and his followers had to immigrate to Al Madina to escape this persecution.

In the Islamic state established by the Prophet Mohamed in Al Madina, there was unlimited freedom of belief and speech. The hypocrites (The religious oppositions) enjoyed it in waging   war of ideas against Islam and Muslims by holding conferences to reject the Quran as the leaders of Quraysh did in Mecca. In Al Madina, the companions of the Prophet Mohamed used to attend these conferences. Allah blamed them and threatened them saying : ( 004.140 And indeed He has revealed to you in the Book that when you hear Allah's verses disbelieved in and mocked at do not sit with them until they enter into some other discourse; surely then you would be like them; surely Allah will gather together the hypocrites and the unbelievers all in hell. )

Also, the hypocrites were threatened by hill fire in the Hereafter: (009.065: And if you should question them, they would certainly say: We were only idly discoursing and sporting. Say: Was it at Allah and His communications and His Messenger that you mocked? )

Moreover, they built a mosque using it as headquarter to plot against Islam and Mohamed himself used to attend it. Allah exposed this conspiracy ordering the Prophet Mohamed not to attend this mosque : ( 009.107 And those who built a mosque to cause harm and for unbelief and to cause disunion among the believers and an ambush to him who made war against Allah and His Messenger before; and they will certainly swear: We did not desire aught but good; and Allah bears witness that they are most surely liars. 009.108  Never stand in it; certainly a mosque founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be purified; and Allah loves those who purify themselves.)

2-Disputing the Quran to tarnish it: (Jidal):

However, Quraysh used a way of debate described in the Quran as ( Jidal ) which means debate to defeat by all means without any reason. Allah describes it as a human habit, not only in Quraysh but you may find it anywhere any time: ( 022.003   And among men there is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge and follows every rebellious Shaitan; ) (022.008   And among men there is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge and without guidance and without an illuminating book, 022.009   Turning away haughtily that he may lead (others) astray from the way of Allah; for him is disgrace in this world, and on the day of resurrection We will make him taste the punishment of burning:022.010   This is due to what your two hands have sent before, and because Allah is not in the least unjust to the servants.)

(Jidal ) is bad in the controversial issues, but it is the worst in religious truth concerning Allah, the creator of this world and other worlds. One who makes this kind of ( Jidal ) is described as ignorant and will be in hell fire: ( 031.020 :  Do you not see that Allah has made what is in the heavens and what is in the earth subservient to you, and made complete to you His favors outwardly and inwardly? And among men is he who disputes in respect of Allah though having no knowledge nor guidance, nor a book giving light. ).

Some of them were the leaders of the Qurayshi trade travelling here and there, having the fame and the prestige.( 040.004 :  None dispute concerning the verses of Allah but those who disbelieve, therefore let not their going to and fro in the cities deceive you. ).

To preach them with serious warning , Allah mentions the details of retribution in the hell fire if they insist to make this ( Jidal ), or dispute : ( 040.069   Have you not seen those who dispute with respect to the verses of Allah: how are they turned away? 040.070  Those who reject the Book and that with which We have sent Our Messenger; but they shall soon come to know. 040.071   When the fetters and the chains shall be on their necks; they shall be dragged 040.072   Into boiling water, then in the fire shall they be burned; 040.073   Then shall it be said to them: Where is that which you used to set up 040.074   Besides Allah? They shall say: They are gone away from us, nay, we used not to call upon anything before. Thus does Allah confound the unbelievers. 040.075   That is because you exulted in the land unjustly and because you behaved insolently. 040.076   Enter the gates of hell to abide therein, evil then is the abode of the proud. 040.077   So be patient, surely the promise of Allah is true. So should We make you see part of what We threaten them with, or should We cause you to die, to Us shall they be returned. )

3-When listening to the Quran:

They asked for another Quran

Listening to the Quran, they asked the Prophet Mohamed to bring another Quran that pleases and appeases them, or to abrogate this Quran.  Allah answered them :( 010.015 And when Our clear verses are recited to them, those who hope not for Our meeting say: Bring a Quran other than this or change it. Say: It does not beseem me that I should change it of myself; I follow naught but what is revealed to me; surely I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the punishment of a mighty day.010.016 Say: If Allah had desired (otherwise) I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have taught it to you; indeed I have lived a lifetime among you before it; do you not then understand? 010.017 Who is then more unjust than who forges a lie against Allah or (who) gives the lie to His verses? Surely the guilty shall not be successful.)

They were very angry:

1-The Quran describes their feeling when they listened to the Quran  and threatened them :( 022.072And when Our clear verses are recited to them you will find denial on the faces of those who disbelieve; they almost spring upon those who recite to them Our verses. Say: Shall I inform you of what is worse than this? The fire; Allah has promised it to those who disbelieve; and how evil the resort! ). Then Allah refute the faith of all idol worshippers saying: (022.073:  O people! a parable is set forth, therefore listen to it: surely those whom you call upon besides Allah cannot create fly, though they should all gather for it, and should the fly snatch away anything from them, they could not take it back from it. So weak are the invoker and the invoked. )

2-Sometimes, they looked to the Prophet with faces full of hatred, accusing him to be mad ( 068.051And those who disbelieve would almost smite you with their eyes when they hear the reminder, and they say: Most surely he is mad. )

3-To face the war of ideas inside the Quran when it was recited, they had their own accusations. The Quran refuted them :( 034.043 And when Our clear verses are recited to them, they say: This is naught but a man who desires to turn you away from that which your fathers worshipped. And they say: This is naught but a lie that is forged. And those who disbelieve say of the truth when it comes to them: This is only clear enchantment. 034.044   And We have not given them any books which they read, nor did We send to them before you a warner. 034.045  And those before them rejected (the truth), and these have not yet attained a tenth of what We gave them, but they gave the lie to My messengers, then how was the manifestation of My disapproval? 034.046   Say: I exhort you only to one thing, that rise up for Allah's sake in twos and singly, then ponder: there is no madness in your fellow-citizen; he is only a warner to you before a severe chastisement. 034.047   Say: Whatever reward I have asked of you, that is only for yourselves; my reward is only with Allah, and He is a witness of all things. 034.048   Say: Surely my Lord utters the truth, the great Knower of the unseen. 034.049   Say: The truth has come, and the falsehood shall vanish and shall not come back. 034.050 Say: "If I am astray, I only stray to the loss of my own soul: but if I receive guidance, it is because of the inspiration of my Lord to me: it is He Who hears all things, and is (ever) near.")
 

4-In debating Quraysh, Allah defied them by the miracle of the Quran, as the Quran is a miracle for all humans, defying humans

Before the Quran, the messages from Allah were limited in a specific people and in specific time and specific place. So the messengers of Allah before Mohammed were given and supported by physical tangible miracles like the miracles of Moses. Mohamed was revealed the Quran, the final Holy message for all the mankind from his time to the end of this world. So, Mohammed was not supported by any material miracle. His miracle is his message itself, the Quran.

In rejecting the Quran, Quraysh accused Mohamed that he forged it. Allah defied them to bring a Book like the Quran: (052.033   Or do they say: He has forged it. Nay! They do not believe. 052.034   Then let them bring a recital like it if they are truthful. ). They failed but insisted accusing the Quran was fabricated by Mohamed.

Then Allah defied them to bring ten chapters like its chapters if they could, ( Quran has 114 chapters), but they failed :( 011.013   Or, do they say: He has forged it. Say: Then bring ten forged chapters like it and call upon whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful. 011.014 But if they do not answer you, then know that it is revealed by Allah's knowledge and that there is no god but He; will you (disbelievers) then submit?).

 Then they were defied to bring only one chapter, but they also failed: (010.038   Or do they say: He has forged it? Say: Then bring a chapter like this and invite whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful. 010.039   Nay, they reject that of which they have no comprehensive knowledge, and the final sequel of it has not yet come to them; even thus did those before them reject (the truth); see then what the end of the unjust was. ). This fact was repeated with confirmation that they could not bring one chapter like it: (002.023  : And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a chapter like it and call on your witnesses besides Allah if you are truthful. 002.024  : But if you cannot- and of a surety you cannot- then fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones,- which is prepared for the unbelievers. ). Moreover, it was stated that it is impossible for humans and Jinn to bring a book like it: (017.088 Say: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Quran, they could not bring the like of it, though some of them were aiders of others.)

However, Quraysh had its ways of war of ideas in rejecting the Quran by:

 Asking material miracles instead of the Quran:

 They insisted asking Mohamed to bring a material miracle if he wanted them to believe in his message. Allah refuted it saying: (013.007: And those who disbelieve say: Why has not a miracle been sent down upon him from his Lord? You are only a warner and (there is) a guide for every people. )( 013.027  And those who disbelieve say: Why is not a a miracle sent down upon him by his Lord? Say: Surely who chooses to go astray Allah makes him astray, and guides to Himself those who turn (to Him). (006.037 And they say: Why has not a miracle been sent down to him from his Lord? Say: Surely Allah is able to send down a a miracle, but most of them do not know.)

Sometimes they named some specific miracles: ( (017.090  And they say: We will by no means believe in you until you cause a fountain to gush forth from the earth for us. 017.091  Or you should have a garden of palms and grapes in the midst of which you should cause rivers to flow forth, gushing out. 017.092  Or you should cause the heaven to come down upon us in pieces as you think, or bring Allah and the angels face to face (with us). 017.093  Or you should have a house of gold, or you should ascend into heaven, and we will not believe in your ascending until you bring down to us a book which we may read.). The answer was: (Say: Glory be to my Lord; am I aught but a mortal messenger).

According to the Quran, it is impossible to see Allah in this world or in the Hereafter. It is impossible also to see angles as long we are alive. We will see them in the moment of death and also in the Hereafter. Quraysh asked the Prophet Mohamed to see Allah and the angles as a miracle that makes them believe. The answer was no. (025.021   And those who do not hope for Our meeting, say: Why have not angels been sent down upon us, or (why) do we not see our Lord? Now certainly they are too proud of themselves and have revolted in great revolt.025.022   On the day when they shall see the angels, there shall be no joy on that day for the guilty) ( 015.006   And they say: O you to whom the Reminder has been revealed! you are most surely insane: 015.007  Why do you not bring to us the angels if you are of the truthful ones? 015.008   We do not send the angels but with truth, and then they would not be respited.)

Some answers gave two reasons::First reason :Quran is enough as a miracle for the one who is looking for the truth:  (029.050  And they say: Why are not a miracle sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: The miracles are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner. 029.051 Is it not enough for them that We have revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Most surely there is mercy in this and a reminder for a people who believe. 029.052  Say: Allah is sufficient as a witness between me and you; He knows what is in the heavens and the earth. And (as for) those who believe in the falsehood and disbelieve in Allah, these it is that are the losers. )

Second:  The material miracle would not make them believe: (006.007   And if We had sent to you a writing on a paper, then they had touched it with their hands, certainly those who disbelieve would have said: This is nothing but clear enchantment.)  (015.014 And even if We open to them a gateway of heaven, so that they ascend into it all the while, 015.015  : They would certainly say: Only our eyes have been covered over, rather we are an enchanted people. ) (006.109 And they swear by Allah with the strongest of their oaths, that if a a miracle came to them they would most certainly believe in it. Say:  Miracles are only with Allah; and what should make you know that when it comes they will not believe? ) ( 006.111  And even if We had sent down to them the angels and the dead had spoken to them and We had brought together all things before them, they would not believe ( by their sincere heart) unless Allah pleases, but most of them are ignorant. ).

Material miracle did not make ancient people believe in the messengers before Mohamed and would not make Arabs believe in the time of Mohamed: (017.059   And nothing could have hindered Us that We should send miracle except that the ancients rejected them)

Actually, Quraysh in their innermost hearts they believed that Mohammed had the guidance in the Quran, but this guidance endangered their homogony and wealth and prestige. So, they asked the materials miracle just to reject the Quran. Mohamed was sad, hoping that he had a material miracle to satisfy them and to please and appease them and make them believe. Allah blamed him and taught him saying:  (006.033   We know indeed that what they say certainly grieves you, but surely they do not disbelief you ; but the unjust deny the verses of Allah. 006.034   And certainly messengers before you were rejected, but they were patient on being rejected and persecuted until Our help came to them; and there is none to change the words of Allah, and certainly there has come to you some information about the messengers. 006.035  And if their turning away is hard on you, then if you can seek an opening (to go down) into the earth or a ladder (to ascend up) to heaven so that you should bring them a miracle and if Allah had pleased He would certainly have gathered them all on guidance, therefore be not of the ignorant. 006.036  Only those accept who listen; (in truth),  and (as to) the dead, Allah will raise them, then to Him they shall be returned.)

5-Fabricating hadeeth

Hadeeth means sayings and stories. Quran is described as Hadeeth also. So, in the field of religions there are two Hadeethes: The Holy Hadeeth, or the messages from Allah, and the false Hadeethes, fabricated by idol worshipper, revealed by Satan or Shaitans. Allah says ( : 006.112
And thus did We make for every prophet an enemy, the Shaitans from among men and jinn, some of them suggesting to others varnished falsehood to deceive (them), and had your Lord pleased they would not have done it, therefore leave them and that which they forge.006.113
And that the hearts of those who do not believe in the hereafter may incline to it and that they may be well pleased with it and that they may earn what they are going to earn (of evil). 006.114
Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah? And He it is Who has revealed to you the Book (which is) made plain; and those whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed by your Lord with truth, therefore you should not be of the disputers. 006.115 And the word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; there is none who can change His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing. 006.116 And if you obey most of those in the earth, they will lead you astray from Allah's way; they follow but conjecture and they only lie. )

In the time of Mohammed, Quraysh had assigned some people to tell stories (Hadeeth) to make people ignore the Quran. After the death of Mohamed, Quraysh took over and did the same under the very title ( Hadeeth) and attributing this Hadeeth to the Prophet Mohamed as (Sunna ).  Allah in the Quran has predicted it making it a bad human habit, saying: (031.006 But there are, among men, those who purchase idle tales( Bad Hadeeth ), without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.  031.007 And when Our verses are recited to him, he turns back proudly, as if he had not heard them, as though in his ears were a heaviness, therefore announce to him a painful chastisement. ) ( 045.006 :These are the verses of Allah which We recite to you with truth; then in what Hadeeth  would they believe after Allah and His verses? 045.007 Woe to every sinful liar, 045.008 Who hears the verses of Allah recited to him, then persists proudly as though he had not heard them; so announce to him a painful punishment.)

6- Mocking the Quran:

Instead of respecting the Quran, they ridiculed it. ( 037.012Nay! you wonder while they mock, 037.013 And when they are reminded, they mind not, 037.014 And when they see a verse they incite one another to scoff, )

People who used to tell false Hadeeth to twist others from listening to the Quran, they also ridicule the Quran. Allah threatened them saying: ( 045.009And when he comes to know of any of Our verses, he takes it for a jest; For such there is a shameful doom. 045.010  Before them is hell, and there shall not avail them aught of what they earned, nor those whom they took for guardians besides Allah, and they shall have a grievous punishment. )

Allah described it as a bad human habit any time and place:(018.056And We do not send messengers but as givers of good news and warning, and those who disbelieve make a false contention that they may render null thereby the truth, and they take My verses and that with which they are warned for a mockery.)

7-Mocking the Prophet Mohammed

1-According to the Qurayshi stander, Mohamed was not a great person. Although they named him the faithful and the trustful one, but he was not rich. As the owner of wealth and power, they consider themselves better than him to be messenger of Allah instead of him. This is a common human habit as the elders of the ancient nations had the same attitude towards the prophets before Mohammed: (006.123   Thus have We placed leaders in every town, its wicked men, to plot (and burrow) therein: but they only plot against their own souls, and they perceive it not.
006.124  : And when a communication comes to them ( through prophets ) they say: We will not believe till we are given the like of what Allah's messengers are given. Allah best knows where He places His message. There shall befall those who are guilty humiliation from Allah and severe chastisement because of what they planned. )

 The elders of Quraysh said angrily: (038.008   "What! has the Message been sent to him - (Of all persons) among us?",but they are in doubt concerning My (Own) Message! Nay, they have not yet tasted My Punishment! ).  They forgot that Allah is the One who made them rich as a test, and they failed in this test :( 043.031  : And they say: If only this Qur'an had been revealed to some great man of the two towns? ) the answer was (043.032   Will they distribute the mercy of your Lord? We distribute among them their livelihood in the life of this world, and We have exalted some of them above others in degrees, that some of them may take others in subjection; and the mercy of your Lord is better than what they amass.).

2- This mentality is expected to mock Mohamed as a Prophet, taking advantage of him as a simple man:  (021.036 And when those who disbelieve see you, they do not take you but for one to be scoffed at: Is this he who speaks of your gods? And they are deniers at the mention of the Beneficent Allah.).  (025.041 And when they see you, they do not take you for aught but a mockery: Is this he whom Allah has raised to be a messenger? 025.042 He had well-nigh led us astray from our gods had we not adhered to them patiently!) Allah debated them: (And they will know, when they see the punishment, who is straying farther off from the path. 025.043 Have you seen him who takes his low desires for his god? Will you then be a protector over him? 025.044 Or do you think that most of them do hear or understand? They are nothing but as cattle; nay, they are straying farther off from the path. )

Allah described it as a bad human habit, before and in the time of Mohamed :(006.010And certainly messengers before you were mocked at, but that which they mocked at encompassed the scoffers among them. ) ( 021.041 And certainly messengers before you were scoffed at, then there befell those of them who scoffed that at which they had scoffed. )

8-Accusing the Prophet Mohammed

It was easy for them to accuse the Prophet Mohammed. Allah says :( 010.002 what! is it a wonder to the people that We revealed to a man from among themselves, saying: Warn the people and give good news to those who believe that theirs is a footing of firmness with their Lord. The unbelievers say: This is most surely a manifest enchanter.)

In their discussion about him they accused him to be an enchanter and liar: ( ( 038.004 And they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves, and the disbelievers say: This IS an enchanter, a liar.038.005  "Has he made the gods (all) into one Allah? Truly this is a wonderful thing!"  038.006 And the chief persons of them break forth, saying: Go and steadily adhere to your gods; this is most surely a thing sought after. 038.007 We never heard of this in the former faith; this is nothing but a forgery)

They also accused him to be a poet and mad :( 015.006 And they say: O you to whom the Reminder has been revealed! you are most surely insane: )(037.036 And to say: What! shall we indeed give up our gods for the sake of a mad poet? 037.037 Nay: he has come with the truth and verified the messengers.)

Allah had strengthened His messenger against these accusations and educating him and defending him, saying :( 052.029 Therefore continue to remind, for by the grace of your Lord, you are not a soothsayer, or a madman. 052.030 Or do they say: A poet, we wait for him the evil accidents of time. 52.031 Say: Wait, for surely I too with you am of those who wait.052.032 Nay! do their understandings bid them this? Or are they an inordinate people? 052.033 Or do they say: He has forged it. Nay! they do not believe. 052.034 Then let them bring a recital like it if they are truthful. 052.035 Or were they created without there being anything, or are they the creators? 052.036 Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay! they have no certainty. 052.037 Or have they the treasures of your Lord with them? Or have they been set in absolute authority? 052.038 Or have they a ladder, by which they can (climb up to heaven and) listen (to its secrets)? Then let (such a) listener of theirs produce a manifest proof. 017.047 We know best what they listen to when they listen to you, and when they take counsel secretly, when the unjust say: You follow only a man bewitched.)

 
Sometimes, they mixed accusations and mocking and asking material miracles together. Allah defended His messenger in debating them : ( 025.007  And they say: What is the matter with this Messenger that he eats food and goes about in the markets; why has not an angel been sent down to him, so that he should have been a warner with him? 025.008 "Or (Why) has not a treasure been bestowed on him, or why has he (not) a garden   Or (why is not) a treasure sent down to him, or he is made to have a garden from which he should eat? And the unjust say: You do not follow any but a man bewitched. 025.009 See what likenesses do they apply to you, so they have gone astray, therefore they shall not be able to find a way. 025.010 Blessed is He Who, if He please, will give you what is better than this, gardens beneath which rivers flow, and He will give you palaces. 025.011 But they reject the hour, and We have prepared a burning fire for him who rejects the hour. )

Allah stated that it is a human bad habit before and in time of Mohammed:( 051.052 Thus there did not come to those before them a messenger but they said: A magician or a mad man. 051.053 Have they charged each other with this? Nay! they are an inordinate people.)

 9-   Quraysh justified its human made religion

1-They had two justifications: It is their tradition and attributing it to Allah falsely. Allah debating them saying :( 007.028And when they commit an indecency they say: We found our fathers doing this, and Allah has enjoined it on us. Say: Surely Allah does not enjoin indecency; do you say against Allah what you do not know? 007.029 Say: My Lord has enjoined justice, and set upright your faces at every time of prayer and call on Him, being sincere to Him in obedience; as He brought you forth in the beginning, so shall you also return. ).

2-The justification of attributing their human made religion to Allah means that it is the will of Allah that they became idol worshippers. Allah says debating them stating that it is human bad habit :( 006.148 Those who are polytheists will say: If Allah had pleased we would not have associated (aught with Him) nor our fathers, nor would we have forbidden (to ourselves) anything; even so did those before them reject until they tasted Our punishment. Say: Have you any knowledge with you so you should bring it forth to us? You only follow a conjecture and you only tell lies.) ( 016.035 The worshippers of false gods say: "If Allah had so willed, we should not have worshipped aught but Him - neither we nor our fathers,- nor should we have prescribed prohibitions other than His." So did those who went before them. But what is the mission of messengers but to preach the Clear Message?)
In more debate in this issue Allah says:
( 043.020And they say: If the Almighty Allah had pleased, we should never have worshipped them. They have no knowledge of this; they only lie. 043.021 Or have We given them a book before it so that they hold fast to it? 043.022 Nay! they say: "We found our fathers following a certain religion, and we do guide ourselves by their footsteps." 043.023 And thus, We did not send before you any warner in a town, but those who led easy lives in it said: Surely we found our fathers on a course, and surely we are followers of their footsteps. ).

Accordingly, they prohibited giving charities, as they thought Allah wants the poor to be poor ( 036.047   And when it is said to them: Spend out of what Allah has given you, those who disbelieve say to those who believe: Shall we feed him whom, if Allah please, He could feed? You are in naught but clear error. ).

Quraysh have repeated this faith after they took over Muslim Arab Empire under the title of Sunna and Jabreyya, which makes Allah not human is the one who is responsible for the human sins. They attribute to Allah all the wills and the deeds of the humans, so man is not responsible for his deeds as man has not any choice or any will.

3- This debate itself is clear evidence confirms the unlimited human freedom in religion and thinking and in doing any things. Allah, the creator is debating some of His creations to convince them to believe in Him alone and not to believe in superstitions. God does not like idol worshipping but He gives the human the unlimited freedom of belief and speech to be responsible for their choice in the Day of Judgment. Allah says: (039.007   If you disbelieve in Allah, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient above all need of you; and He does not like disbelief in His servants; and if you are grateful, He likes it in you; and no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another; then to your Lord is your return, then will He inform you of what you did; surely He is Cognizant of what is in the breasts.). Allah states the unlimited freedom of human deeds and the human responsibility in the Day of Judgment: (041.040   Those who distort Our revelations are not hidden from Us. Which is better?- he that is cast into the Fire, or he that comes safe through, on the Day of Judgment? Do what ye will. Lo! He is Seer of what ye do. )

According to the Quran, any one chooses guidance Allah guide him and increase his guidance, any one chooses misguidance Allah increases it: (019.075   Say: "If any men go astray, (Allah) Most Gracious extends (the rope) to them, until, when they see the warning of Allah (being fulfilled) - either in punishment or in (the approach of) the Hour, then they shall know who is in more evil plight and weaker in forces.019.076  : And Allah increases in guidance those who go aright; and ever-abiding good works are with your Lord best in recompense and best in yielding fruit. ) (  047.017 And (as for) those who follow the Guidance, He increases the (light of) Guidance, and bestows on them their Piety and Restraint (from evil))

 There are more than one thousand Quranic verses confirm the freedom of belief and freedom of speech and talking about hell fire and paradise as result of this human choice: (018.029   Say, "The truth is from your Lord": Let him believe who wills to believe, and let him disbelieve who wills to disbelieve, for the wrong-doers We have prepared a Fire whose (smoke and flames), like the walls and roof of a tent, will hem them in: if they implore relief they will be granted water like melted brass, that will scald their faces, how dreadful the drink! How uncomfortable a couch to recline on! 018.030  : Surely (as for) those who believe and do good, We do not waste the reward of him who does a good work. 018.031  : These it is for whom are gardens of perpetuity beneath which rivers flow, ornaments shall be given to them therein of bracelets of gold, and they shall wear green robes of fine silk and thick silk brocade interwoven with gold, reclining therein on raised couches; excellent the recompense and goodly the resting place.).

  4- Allah debated then in following their tradition, saying: (002.170 And when it is said to them, Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay! we follow what we found our fathers upon. What! and though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way.) ( 005.104 And when it is said to them, Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger, they say: That on which we found our fathers is sufficient for us. What! even though their fathers knew nothing and did not follow the right way.) (  031.021  And when it is said to them: Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay, we follow that on which we found our fathers. What! though the Shaitan calls them to the chastisement of the burning fire! ).

It is also stated as a human bad habit: (043.022   Nay! they say: We found our fathers on a course, and surely we are guided by their footsteps. 043.023  : And thus, We did not send before you any warner in a town, but those who led easy lives in it said: Surely we found our fathers on a course, and surely we are followers of their footsteps. 043.024  : (The warner) said: What! even if I bring to you a better guide than that on which you found your fathers? They said: Surely we are unbelievers in that with which you are sent. )


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