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From the Archive
The Abraham Federation Code of Ethics
A Brief Response Concerning the Difference between the Celestial, Divine Religion and the Earthly, Satanist Religions
The Farce of Sentencing Sheikh M. A. Nasr to a Five-Year Jail Term Accused of Showing Contempt of Religion
Quranic Terminology: Al-Barr, Al-Berr, Al-Barriyya, and Al-Abrar
Qur’anic studies
Repeating the same mistakes
Wahhabi Eruption in Troubled Germany
Important announcement
Most contravention women issues in Islam
Egyptian President Sisi deceive the whole world
Une étude de cas d'un poussin coraniste qui nous critique!
Quranic Terminology: Guidance: Rushd/Rashad/Rasheed
Fatwas Part One-Hundred-and-Fifteen
"…Even If They Themselves Are Needy…" (Quran 59:9)
Fatwas Part One-Hundred-and-Twenty-One
MATIERE A REFLEXION
To whom who says the Qur’an is not complete
The Debate between the Might and the Truth within a Quranist Vision (1)
The Life of Muhammad and the Historical Background
Satan and the Worship of Whims and Desires
Issued by: Dr. Ahmed Subhy Mansour, translated by: Ahmed Fathy
Fatwas Part Seventy-Five

 

Fatwas Part Seventy-Five

Issued by: Dr. Ahmed Subhy Mansour, translated by: Ahmed Fathy

 

A Question of Inheritance

Published in February 13, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … A man died and he had 3 daughters and 3 sons, but two of his three sons died before him, but they have children (i.e., the deceased man's grandchildren); the question now is as follows: would these grandchildren have inheritance shares? … Thank you …    

Answer:

 Of course not; the dead sons never inherit their father who died after them and their progeny does not inherit their grandfather since this deceased man has living children: the only inheritors are the living three daughters and the one son, and the money is to be distributed among them as per the Quranic rule of the verse 4:11 that the male receives the equivalent of the share of two females.

 

 

 

 

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Tattoos Again!

Published in February 13, 2018

 

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … I desire to have a tattoo on my arm in the form of a Quranic verse to remind myself with it as my motto in life … Yet, some people assume that tattoos are prohibited in Islam as per the verse 4:119 … God says to us that Satan says the following about corrupting human beings: "…and I will prompt them to alter the creation of God…" (4:119). I think the Sunnites misunderstand the verse 4:119 and that it is not about tattoos at all, right? … What do you think? … Thank you …  

Answer:

 We have mentioned before that having tattoos on one's body is never prohibited at all; the altering of creation mentioned in 4:119 means that Satan seeks to change monotheism of (There is no God but Allah) which is inherent in one's genes, instincts, and soul so that most people would choose polytheism instead by deifying things/items and mortals. 

 

 

 

 

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About the Verse 29:45

Published in February 14, 2018

 

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … Concerning the verse 29:45, does it mean that the remembrance of God is greater or more important than the five daily prayers? I'm confused indeed … Thank you …

Answer:

 You misunderstand this verse, our son. God says in the Quran: "Recite what is revealed to you of the Scripture, and perform the prayer. The prayer prevents indecencies and evils. And the remembrance of God is greater. And God knows what you do." (29:45). This simply means that all acts of worship performed by the pious ones should make them remember God all the time so as to avoid sins within their behavior as much as they can, especially when they remember God when they are tempted to commit a sin/mistake and to repent and implore God for forgiveness when they actually fall into the trap of sinning: "Those who are righteous-when an impulse from Satan strikes them, they remind themselves, and immediately see clearly." (7:201); "And race towards forgiveness from your Lord, and a Garden as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the righteous. Those who give in prosperity and adversity, and those who restrain anger, and those who forgive people. God loves the doers of good. And those who, when they commit an indecency or wrong themselves, remember God and ask forgiveness for their sins-and who forgives sins except God? And they do not persist in their wrongdoing while they know. Those-their reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein forever. How excellent is the reward of the doers." (3:133-136). 

      

 

 

 

 

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Arabs Are A Sonorous Phenomenon

Published in February 14, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I have a problem with my husband and other people around me; my husband, friends, relatives, and colleagues flatter others too much and they tell lies; on the contrary, I am the one who is too frank and cannot flatter people or lie to anyone; when I see a spade, I call it a spade; I feel that people around me are becoming too hypocritical, and I stopped talking to many of them unless they talk to me first or asked for my opinion; I focus on my job to provide for my five children and help my husband who has a low-paid job; my husband accuses me of embarrassing him by insulting our friends and relatives with my frankness and causing troubles for him for no reason! … It's I who solve problems in our house and my husband is just the sweet talker who cannot solve any problems at all … I feel frustrated and unappreciated; what do you think? Are people right and am I wrong?! Or is it the other way round? …Thank you …    

Answer:

 You should bear in mind, our dear daughter, that Arabs are a sonorous phenomenon, as per the late liberal Arab thinker Abdullah Al-Qassimi mentions in one of his books. You are never to blame yourself for your frankness as long as you do not insult anyone intentionally; the Arab culture of being talkative and never doing anything effectively (or hardly at all) is a common headache for practical people who want to get things done. Sadly, crimes and terrorism of Arabs are the only and worst deeds that are in headlines in worldwide media; we wish that deeds and acts of Arabs would be for the benefit of their societies instead. Be assured that real, monotheistic faith within piety entails the performance of many good deeds and good behavior. God has said the following to good and bad companions/contemporaries of Muhammad (and to all Quran-believing people in all eras): " Say, "Work. God will see your work, and so will His Messenger, and the believers. Then you will be returned to the Knower of secrets and declarations, and He will inform you of what you used to do."" (9:105).

 

 

 

 

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Her Right to Get Divorced

Published in February 15, 2018

 

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … A young wife is deserted by her young husband one year after the marriage (and she has one child now) because he settled in another country and married a second wife there, and he has children now with this second wife… This husband refuses to return to her or to bring her to his new country and never sends her any money; he's deserted her 6 years ago and refuses to divorce her … She will not take him back even if he tries to make amends; what's to be done now? … Thank you …      

Answer:

  After being deserted for 4 months by their husbands, wives have the right to file for a divorce in court while preserving all their rights and the rights of their children. This sinful husband is clearly unaware of these Quranic verses: "Those who desert their wives must be waited only for four months. But if they reconcile - God is Forgiving and Merciful. And if they resolve to divorce - God is Hearing and Knowing." (2:226-227). 

 

 

 

 

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Why Baha'ism?

Published in February 16, 2018

 

  

Question: … Dear Sir, … Could you please tell me why you are mentioning Baha'is and Baha'ism more often than not in your videos and writings though it is not a celestial religion? … At least the Muhammadans (i.e., Shiites, Sufis, and Sunnites) believe in the Quran; why Baha'is might be better that the Muhammadans, then?! … Thank you …      

Answer:

  We are sure that the Muhammadans do not believe in the Quran at all, and we consider Baha'ism as an earthly, man-made, false religion like Bábism, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Sufism, and the Shiite and Sunnite religions that consist of nothing but Satanist, devilish revelations leading to polytheism. Baha'ism has been an offshoot of Bábism which has been, in its turn, an offshoot of one of the many Shiite sects. The only and last celestial religion now is the Quran: God's Word. God's religion is one within all eras of all God's prophets and messengers who conveyed in their different tongues one clear message of monotheism: There is no God but Allah. We mention Baha'is more often because they are persecuted in Egypt and in the Arab world (and sometimes forced to hide their faith) and as we support absolute religious freedom for all peaceful human beings. Besides, Baha'is are better than the Wahabi Sunnite Muhammadans, because Baha'is are peaceful citizens who never mix religion with politics. 

 

 

 

 

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Written Will and Testament before One's Death

Published in February 16, 2018

 

 

 

Question:  … Dear Sir, … Is it OK if I write my will and testament while I am young and healthy? Is it obligatory to wait until I reach the old or senile age and death would be nearer to me as per 2:180? … Thank you …         

Answer:

 You can write your will and testament now or anytime you like; no one knows the time and location of one's death; it is better to write your will and testament as early as possible; if one lives on for more years, one is free to change one's written will and testament anytime an in any way one likes; the Quranic piece of advice you have alluded to in your message regarding the verse 2:180 is about those who are dying, feel that their end is near, or know that they are terminally ill.

 

 

 

 

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About the Verse 6:139

Published in February 18, 2018

 

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I do not understand why did some polytheists in Arabia prohibit their wives from consuming certain food items, as we read in the verse 6:139? Could you please explain this to me? … Thank you …   

Answer:

 The verse 6:139 comes in the context of condemning the polytheistic  Arabs and their man-made sharia laws regarding oblation and offerings in 6:136-139; they used to make oblation and offerings to entombed saints and god/idols and never to God, and this polytheistic notion is inspired by Satan who made them sacrifice their children; yet, this monstrosity was committed as per their religious freedom, and this is why God has told Muhammad to leave them alone and to reject their fabrications, which included what their wives should eat and should not eat to please and appease the pagan gods. With this in mind, you can ponder upon this Quranic context: "And they set aside for God a share of the crops and the livestock He created, and they say, "This is for God," according to their claim, "and this is for our idols." But the share of their idols does not reach God, yet the share of God reaches their idols. Evil is their judgment. Likewise, their idols entice many idolaters to kill their children, in order to lead them to their ruin, and confuse them in their religion. Had God willed, they would not have done it; so leave them to their fraud. And they say, "These animals and crops are restricted; none may eat them except those we permit," by their claims, and animals whose backs are forbidden, and animals over which they do not pronounce the name of God-fabricating lies against Him. He will repay them for what they used to invent. And they say, "What lies in the wombs of these animals is exclusively for our males, and prohibited to our wives." But if it is stillborn, they can share in it. He will surely punish them for their allegations. He is Wise and Knowing." (6:136-139).   

 

 

 

 

 

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I Refuse to Circumcise my Male Children

Published in February 19, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I'm an Algerian wife who lives in France … I've converted to Quranism five months ago thanks to your great website … My Algerian husband is a non-practicing Sunnite man who does not pray, fast, etc.; yet, he insists on gratifying his parents and his Sunnite friends and relatives in France and in Algeria by circumcising our five-year-old son and our two-year-old son! I refuse such barbaric habit of mutilating male children; you have convinced me within your writings that circumcision has nothing to do with Islam and that it is a pagan practice ... My Sunnite relatives and my husband's Sunnite relatives are angry because of my decision and are calling me an infidel and a heretic who will be punished by God in this world (and the next) for not circumcising my children! I feel that one day, my husband (who is circumcised, by the way) might commit this crime of circumcising my children behind my back to please his family! What am I to do to prevent this crime?! Any advice?!  … Thank you …   

Answer:

 Circumcision for males and the female genital mutilation are prohibited practices in Islam; we ourselves implore God to forgive us for doing this sin/crime to our own sons when we were in Egypt. Since you have declared your stance openly to everyone, you are not sinful; you are not to blame yourself for anything that might happen later on. As for this complicated issue of preventing your husband committing this crime, you can notify the French police beforehand or take any similar measures and seek help of others; yet, you should be careful so as not to ruin your married life while you are helpless. Eventually, God does not burden a soul beyond its capacity; you cannot watch over your children 24/7 to make sure you can prevent your husband from committing this crime/sin. You are the only one who is fully aware of your conditions and circumstances and you will manage to solve this problem somehow. May God help and protect you and your sons; God bless you, our daughter.

 

 

 

 

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May God Bless and Reward You

Published in February 20, 2018

 

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … I'd like to translate your great book titled "The Quran: Sufficient as a Source of Islamic Legislation" into French, if you allow me to have that honor, Dr. Mansour … You have taught me the real Islam I've been looking for all my life; thank you for being what you are … I have one question: am I to perform prayers (including Friday noon prayers) for the rest of my life alone in my room since I know no Quranists at all in my town? … Thank you …      

Answer:

May God bless and reward you; we will publish on our website your French translation and your name along with it as the translator once you send it to us via email. We have written a lot about the fact that Quranists must avoid all harmful mosques of the polytheistic Muhammadans who worship within such mosques different types of mortals (prophets and non-prophets) besides God, as we see in their call to prayers, their sermons, and their prayers.

 

 

 

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Different Types of People

Published in February 20, 2018

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … I feel puzzled about the best way to deal with people; most people are mean, selfish, greedy, and ungrateful; I do not intend here to praise myself, but I'm very generous, friendly, and helpful; I feel so shy if someone thanks or praises me; but I feel so sad because most of the people whom I've helped so that their problems and crises would be solved and come to an end have actually backbitten me, hurt me, verbally abused me, and harmed me very much … My wife thinks that I'm naïve and people usually take advantage of my being too good and sweet to them … Should I no longer help anyone? Shall I have no friends from now on? I cannot accept being hurt anymore by those whom I've aided to make their life better; sometimes, I regret helping those ungrateful ones who used me and in the worst manner; yet, when someone weeps before me to beg for my (financial) help, I sometimes cannot resist and I would not verify if they are telling the truth or not before granting them money; I feel so bad! Am I naïve and gullible?! I seek only God's reward, you know … What am I supposed to do now?! Any advice? … Thank you …        

Answer:

 People in general vary in their degrees, categories, and types of personality, especially within the ability to give and receive and perform good deeds; there are noble people like you who donate for charity and help others within their ordeals while expecting no reward except from the Lord God; there are those who give and help and expect this to be reciprocal and demand something in return from others. There are those selfish ones who receive and are unable to help and give at all. There are those who give little and receive more or vice versa. Yet, the worst, meanest type are those ingrates who repay those who have helped them by harming them, verbally abusing them, and committing injustices against them; this type of people is dominant as most people are polytheists who worship Mammon (i.e., money). Be assured that God will never waste your good deeds; besides, you should bear in mind that giving is not only about money: it is about giving tender loving care, spending quality time with loved ones (or with orphans and ill children), helping the ill, poor people to get treated in hospitals, etc. Make sure to give to those who really deserve and are really impecunious and in bad need of help; we advise you to verify each case first before doing anything. May God bless and reward you.  

 

   

 

 

 

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Written Will and Testament Regarding Relatives

Published in February 21, 2018

 

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … Because my nephew has helped me a lot and I feel very much indebted to him (and to his late father) and he cannot inherit a share of my wealth because my sons will the only once to inherit my money, I'd like to include his name in my written will and testament; is that OK? Or this should be only to poor relatives? my nephew is not technically poor, I think, but I desire to reward him nonetheless … Thank you …

Answer:

 Instead of this, you can grant him a large sum of money or an asset now while you are alive; you can do the same with whoever deserves this; it is obligatory as per the divine Quranic command, of course, to write one's will and testament nevertheless, and one can include one's relatives who have no inheritance shares. Glorified be the Lord God Who is the Inheritor of the earth and the heavens.  

 

 

 

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My Ungrateful Daughter

Published in February 21, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I dedicated my life to my only daughter after her mother died and I decided not to remarry; I love her so much and I cared for her all her life, giving her the best of everything and the best education, etc. She is settled and happy now with her husband who she had chosen and she is pregnant and expecting her first male baby soon to come to the world; I feel so happy for her; yet, I was shocked to the core with her ingratitude in one recent situation when she and  her husband came to visit me; her husband quarreled with me because I refuted his (dangerous) political views as I feared that his impetuousness might bring harm to himself and to my daughter; I never liked his way of thinking at all in the first place, I admit, but I wept when my daughter sided with her husband against me and left my house indignantly! They never talk to me now! I feel so sad and so insulted! She does not talk to me now, though she knows I suffer diabetes and high cholesterol! How ungrateful she has become after her marriage! What do you think? What am I to do? Any advice?! … Thank you …    

Answer:

 We think you should contact your daughter and reconcile with her and her husband by paying them a visit; we tend to think that you are a little bit jealous of her husband who took her from you. It is very silly to quarrel over political views or anything else as mundane and trivial as such topics. It is the law of life that one's daughter leaves one's house to her husband's. Your daughter is pregnant and she clearly loves her husband and she needs him because he is the father of her baby which is about to arrive to the world; she might be hurt because you have insulted him and embarrassed her in the process. Please continue to care for your daughter; you should love, esteem, and appreciate her husband as much as you love your daughter; he is the one who is going to remain with her after your decease and care for her within one happy family. We are sure that your daughter does not like the feeling of being torn between her father and her husband; she is not ungrateful; she is just waiting for you to reconcile with her and apologize for her beloved husband; please do this for your own well-being and hers; do it for her sake and you will restore your happiness and enjoy the company of your grandson.

 

 

 

 

 

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Preserving Previous Scriptures of God

 

Published in February 22, 2018

 

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … Qu.1: Why has not God preserved the texts of previous Scriptures (e.g., the Torah and Gospels) from being distorted by polytheists? … Qu.2: God preserves the Quranic text only; why is that? What about the previous Scriptures?  …Thank you …

Answer:

 God has sent prophets/messengers with written messages to all ancient nations on earth; He told us about some of His prophets/messengers and has not told us about some others. We do not even have the whole details about the ones mentioned in the Quran; we have the summary of their message: piety, monotheism, the belief in the Hereafter, and the testimony of There is no God but Allah. The previous prophets/messengers were sent for their local people who were their contemporaries in the same time and place and using their own tongues within which their Scriptures were written. People in the ancient eras lived in many areas within the continents and seldom contacted one another; however, within the Middle-Ages, trade flourished and nations of Africa, Asia, and Europe contacted one another within an international level; hence, one final and universal message to them has been sent (i.e., the Quran) as the Last Reminder until the end of days and this is why it must be preserved by our Lord God; it is actually translated into all living languages now.      

 

 

 

 

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We Wish We Could, But...

Published in February 22, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I admire very much your book titled "The Judicial Authority between Islam and the Muhammadans" (found in English on this link: http://www.ahl-alquran.com/arabic/book_main.php?main_id=100) … I suggest that you should a sequel to it about lawyers and defending people within courts within the Islamic/Quranic sharia legislations … Thank you …      

Answer:

 We wish we would have time and enough effort to write such a book, but we do not. We are still writing many unfinished books and we are busy shooting our episodes of the YouTube show titled "Quranic Moments"; we have about 300 episode and we hope to shoot 1000+ episodes and to begin a new YouTube show soon enough. Besides, we have to write our daily article and respond to hundreds of questions coming to us via email asking for fatwas. May God come to our help and aid.

 

 

 

 

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He Will Enter into Hell in Case of Non-Repentance

Published in February 23, 2018

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … This atheist thinker Mr. ..... is a former Iraqi Shiite clergyman who now undermines and ridicules the Quran in his lectures, videos and writings! … Could you please refute his ideas to prevent the youths from being negatively influenced by his venomous words and his hatred towards the Quran? … Thank you … 

Answer:

 We have no time to hear and read atheists' nonsense; it is easy for disbelievers and skeptics to express hatred towards the Quran and to seek to undermine and cast doubt on it; it is easy, likewise, to choose to make the Quran the source of guidance to oneself; it is all about one's personal choice. It is a sin to listen, watch, or read such blasphemous material or to argue with such people who ridicule the Quranic verses (see the verse 4:140). Those who seek to be (mis)guided by the Quran choose their stances as per the freedom granted to them by God. This thinker has moved from the darkness of the Shiite religion to the darkness of atheism/nonbelief; he will enter into Hell in the Hereafter if he dies without repentance, as he insults and ridicules God's Word, the Quran, to mislead and misguide others away from God's Path.

 

 

 

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The Debate around Muhammad

Published in July 21, 2009

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … I'm still reading your great archive of writings; yet, I do not understand the difference between the Quranic terms (Messenger) & (Prophet) regarding Muhammad; besides, why do you think that we must not utter or write the honorifics when we mention the name of Muhammad (i.e., phrases like 'peace be upon him' or 'peace and blessings on him')? … Thank you …

Answer:

 To find answers to your questions, we refer you to our book in English titled "The Quran: Sufficient as a Source of Islamic Legislation" (found on this link:http://www.ahl-alquran.com/arabic/book_main.php?main_id=92), to our article in English titled "Overlapping Concepts: ''Prophet'' and ''Messenger'' in the Quran" (found on this link: http://www.ahl-alquran.com/English/show_article.php?main_id=16368), and our article in English titled "The Phrase "Peace Be Upon The Prophet"" (found on this link: http://www.ahl-alquran.com/English/show_article.php?main_id=14140) .

  

  

 

 

 

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Not My Father's Son!

Published in April 30, 2013

 

 

Question: …  Dear Sir, … Shortly before the death of my good, honorable father, my mother confessed to me that my younger brother is NOT my father's, as the biological father was her lover, as she cheated on my father at one time years ago when I was a kid; I've concealed this secret for months now so as not to shock my father and brother, and because I love my dear brother and don't want to lose him … Yet, when my father died weeks ago, I felt that this brother must never inherit any share of my father's money at all; yet, would I scandalize my own mother and cut all ties with my only brother?! What shall I do?! Any advice?! … Thank you …    

Answer:

 If the DNA tests prove that he is not your father's son, he has no right to claim any inheritance share. Yet, you should not expose him and scandalize your mother so cruelly for the sake of money; maybe you could convince your mother to confess the truth to your brother secretly so that all the money would be yours without scandals as this brother would vow to claim any inheritance share; yet, we advise you not to do this so as not to lose your mother and brother forever merely for the sake of money; keep the secret and let him have a share of the money and be good to him, because your brother is innocent; do not ruin his life and yours.     

 

 

 

 

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A Forgiven Sin

Published in May 28, 2011

 

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I have two problems: since converting to Quranism, I try hard to preach it to those around me, but in vain! No one cares to pay attention to what I say! Some friends ended their friendship with me after accusing me of being an infidel! I feel so bad for not being able to guide anyone! Another problem is that years ago during my adolescence, before I convert to Quranism, I've engaged into a sexual activity with one woman in bed for one night (snogging, hugging, kissing, and so on) but no penetration occurred between us as I refused to satisfy her in this respect and left her house for good; I feel so guilty though I know this is not full-fledged fornication; will God forgive me?! What do you think? … Thank you …  

Answer:

 Please, our son, do not be so hard upon yourself; God forgives those repentant ones who have avoided grave sins and will pardon their small mistakes and mishaps since they perform many good deeds within monotheism and atonement while imploring God for forgiveness and mercy. Please forget this painful experience of the past (no one does not have a past of guilt/sin, by the way), and be very thankful that you have repented as early as possible during your youth, unlike those who repent after they reach the age of 60 and might not have much time for atonement: "Repentance is available from God for those who commit evil out of ignorance, and then repent soon after. These-God will relent towards them. God is Knowing and Wise. But repentance is not available for those who commit evils, until when death approaches one of them, he says, "Now I repent," nor for those who die as disbelievers. These-We have prepared for them a painful torment." (4:17-18); "Say, "O My servants who have transgressed against themselves: do not despair of God's mercy, for God forgives all sins. He is indeed the Forgiver, the Clement." And turn to your Lord, and submit to Him, before the retribution comes upon you. Then you will not be helped." (39:53-54). As for the misguided Muhammadans around you, do not worry too much about them; they have made their choices and you have made yours; you can instead spread and preach Quranism via cyberspace by copying and pasting links of our website and videos; this is real, effective peaceful jihad for God's sake. Thank you and God bless you.

 

 

 

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Aisha Is to Blame as a Leader of the Battle

Published in May 18, 2015

 

Question: … Dear Sir, … I cannot understand how you condemn and blame Aisha, wife of Muhammad, for the sin of leading the troops in the battle of the Camel to make men meet their death over worldly gains for the sake of Satan (in your article in English titled "Between the Disciples and the Companions of Mohamed" on this link: http://www.ahl-alquran.com/English/show_article.php?main_id=13831), while you mention this as something positive in your book titled in English "Women's Right to Aspire to the Presidency of Any Islamic State" (found on this link: http://www.ahl-alquran.com/arabic/book_main.php?main_id=79) as part of equality of women and men in Arabia and within Islam… How come? … Thank you …        

Answer:

 You misunderstand the point here; we mean to assert that God created human beings (males and females) free to choose to (dis)believe and to (dis)obey and to bear full responsibility for their choices in this world and the next; e.g., male and female hypocrites were free agents in Yathreb: "The hypocrite men and hypocrite women are of one another. They advocate evil, and prohibit righteousness, and withhold their hands. They forgot God, so He forgot them. The hypocrites are the sinners." (9:67); this freedom applies to believing men and women in Yathreb as well: "The believing men and believing women are friends of one another. They advocate virtue, forbid evil, perform the prayers, practice charity, and obey God and His Messenger. These-God will have mercy on them. God is Noble and Wise." (9:71). Aisha chose to disobey God regarding settling in her home as per the Quranic command to Muhammad's wives in 33:33 and she led the very first major Arab civil war; this is evil and wicked of her and a grave sin she committed as per history books; hence, women, like men, bear responsibility for evil, bad deeds and are rewarded for good deeds in this world and the next. 


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