( 5 )
Conclusion

Firstly:

1- In the early Ottoman Era, Al-Shaarani was the imam/sheikh of the Sunnite Sufism in Egypt and outside Egypt. He manipulated the Sunnites in service of Sufism, and he wrote several tomes, chief among them is the one titled "Lataif Al-Minan Al-Kobra", in which he wrote about his assumed miracles: how he flew about in the sky and travel across time and place, hearing the words uttered by the Jinn and talks to them, and hearing words of creatures like fish…etc. The culture of his era helped some people to believe his fabrications; while Europeans, in the same era, explored and inhabited the New World.

2- Napoleon conquered Egypt, causing a violent shake that awakened the Egyptians. The early signs of a renaissance gained momentum by Muhammad Ali Pacha, who was an ambitious soldier in the Ottoman army that later on reached the throne of Egypt after the French were gone. Muhammad Ali Pacha created a veritable renaissance concerning the aspects of industry, education, and military, when he became the founder of a royal dynasty ruling Egypt. He managed to topple and crush the very first Saudi kingdom in 1818, conquer the Levant, and to make his influence reach the Persian Gulf, threatening the British route to India. The Egyptian army of Muhammad Ali Pacha reached Anatolia, threatening to crush and topple the Ottoman caliphate. Britain and France conspired to crush the ambitions of Muhammad Ali Pacha. After a period of stagnation in the reign of Khedive Abbas I, Khedive Ismail renewed the notion of developing Egypt politically and in terms of civilization. Yet again, Britain and France conspired against Khedive Ismail and dethroned him, and then Britain occupied Egypt.

3- Such dazzling development within half a century after the end of the French Expedition in Egypt resulting in major development in politics (the very first Egyptian Parliament during the reign of Khedive Ismail), in civilization (Ismail turned Cairo and Alexandria from Middle-Ages cities into a flourishing city akin to European cities, complete with an opera house, modern suburbs and districts, large buildings, great palaces, etc. as well as establishing new cities like Port-Saeed, Port-Fouad, and Port-Tewfik), regionally by annexing Sudan and parts of Somalia to Egypt, and boosting levels of modern education by sending students to Europe, and opening all venues of Egypt to the world within fields of trade, science, arts, etc.

4- It is important to mention that such development reverberated until it reached Al-Azhar institution, as reform was called for in the writings of sheikh Muhammad Abdou. Yet, his disciple Rashid Reda betrayed Abdou after his death; Reda was the most important agent of Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud in Egypt, who managed to spread Wahabism under the names of 'Salafism' and 'Sunna', along with three other agents: Hamid Al-Fiqi, Al-Sobki, and Muheb Eddine Al-Khatib. The endeavors of such Wahabi agents bore fruit when the terrorist MB group as established in Egypt in 1928, working hard to reach the rule of Egypt and all Arab and non-Arab countries of the Muhammadans to establish Wahabi theocracies across the globe.

5- Egypt witnessed during the British occupation flourishing parliament, political parties, constitutional monarchy, and one of the best Egyptian constitutions: the 1923 Constitution. Yet, this liberal democracy lacked social justice, preventing the educated generation of youth from finding a place under the sun. Hence, the youth turned their frustration and fury into a driving force to create secret cliques and groups like Masr Al-Fatat (the Youthful Egypt), and Haditu (the communist democratic movement for national liberation). Yet, the terrorist MB group was the main beneficiary of the frustration and fury of youth; as this extremist violent group recruited more members and spread all over Egypt and enjoyed more influence. The fury and frustration of youth reverberated in the Egyptian Military, and later on, the so-called Free Officers led the 1952 coup to end monarchy, a movement hailed and supported by the terrorist MB.

6- The era of constitutional liberal democracy ended because of the Pan-Arabism Nasserite project, and late Egyptian President Gamal Abdul-Nasser replaced the constitutional democracy with social justice and the leading Egyptian role within the Arab, African, and international levels. The project of Nasser ended in the setback of 1967, when Israel occupied Sinai, aka the Six-Day War. Since the reconciliation between Nasser's Egypt and the KSA and Khartoum Conference, Egypt has begun to be dwarfed and to lose its leadership for the sake of the KSA. The Saudis exerted influence on Nasser to urge him to appoint their Wahabi agent, Sadat, as a Vice-President. Nasser was assassinated, presumably by being poisoned in 1970, at the time when he held a top conference to save the PLO from the army of King Hussein of Jordan. When Sadat became President of Egypt, he made Egypt subservient kneeling before the KSA, and Sadat was assassinated, by being shot in 1981, once he tried to rebel against the KSA. Mubarak was his Vice-President, who learned the lesson very well and became the obedient salve of the KSA once he became President of Egypt. Mubarak helped in spreading Wahabism in Egypt, changing the peaceful culture of Egyptians to make it resemble the violent, bigoted, aggressive, and religiously hypocritical culture of Najd Bedouins in Arabia. Mubarak persecuted Quranists and their reform trend in Egypt, which is the continuation of the school of thought founded by M. Abdou. This persecution has resulted so far in the fact that Wahabis dominate Egypt with no rivals or resistance of any kind. Toward the end of the Mubarak era, Egyptians found out that they have two options: either to re-elect Mubarak again who is over 80 years old, or to accept his corrupt son as the coming president. Egyptians rejected both options and created their 25th January 2011 Revolution to oust Mubarak. The terrorist MB group members confiscated the revolution to themselves as done before when they confiscated Islam to make it synonymous with Wahabism. Egyptians refused to let Egypt sink into a theocracy run by a corrupt junta, and they rejected the Mb rule by creating their 30th June Revolution to oust the MB president who was a failure and a disgrace. The terrorist MB group members are threatening to destroy Egypt to take revenge, and this danger is still looming.

Secondly:

1- The 30th June Revolution in Egypt is an opportunity for Egypt to put itself in the route for real democracy, after the failure of theocracy and Nationalism of Pan-Arabism. The route or the best choice is to build modern, secular, civil, human rights, democratic Egyptian State following the example of the political regimes of the West countries and of Japan. Such examples, in our opinion as a Quranist thinker, are the nearest ones to the model of an Islamic country or state. We have written a lot to insist upon writing in the Egyptian Constitution should stipulate that the international human rights agreements are the source of legislation, as they are the nearest man-made writings to Islamic sharia. Hence, we stress the importance of clearly defining the seven principles of Islamic sharia, since Egyptians seem to think to include the term 'principles of Islamic sharia' in the Constitution and to prevent manipulation of the concept of sharia.

1- The choice of modern, secular, civil, human rights, democratic Egyptian State entails legislative, educational, economic, and political reformation as well as religious reform focusing on Al-Azhar institution and mosques to separate aspects of religious life and those of political life in Egypt and to assert the absolute religious freedom and liberty of expression, thought, media, and creativity for all citizens equally.

3- The terrorist Salafists and MB group members are two factions of Wahabism in Egypt living off calamities of Egypt; real reform endeavors are sufficient to defeat their terror and obliterate their threat within peaceful means. Even the severest and cruelest of words are better than violence and bloodshed. Egypt is threatened with bloodshed more violent and atrocious in comparison to Syria if Wahabism is not questioned and refuted from within Islam (i.e., Quranism).  

 

Lastly:               

1- We write this conclusion before ending this series of articles that will take a book form later on.

2- The reason we write this conclusion before ending this research is the fact that we know quite well that our suggestions will not be given the deserved and due attention by people concerned. We are not going to live long enough to witness the application of our ideas proposed here. The reason: the vast majority of Egyptians, Muhammadans (Wahabis = Salafists = Sunnites), Shiites, Sufis, Baha'is, and atheist and non-atheist seculars, hate and stand against Quranists and Quranism. Secular Egyptians are two types: one type are atheist who hate Islam as well as the Quranists' endeavor to clear Islam's name from the evil Wahabism that has tarnished its image; the other type is the moderate non-atheist seculars who believes in one of the three Muhammadan creeds (Sunnite, Shiite, and Sufi), and accordingly, this type is against the Quranists' intellectual efforts that show the contradiction between Islam, the Quran alone, and the three Muhammadan man-made creeds. The most vehement foes of Quranism are the religious persons within the three Muhammadan man-made creeds. These Muhammadans refuse the testimony of Islam (there is no God but Allah) by inserting the name of Prophet Muhammad in the testimony, in the call to prayers, in daily five prayers, in sanctity, and in acts of worship. They visit the shrine of his tomb during pilgrimage, and their ancient myths create a divine character of Muhammad; as they appoint him as the controller of the Last Day and they deem him as immoral who live on until now, reviewing deeds of 'Muslims' and intercede on their behalf to urge God to forgive them! This is to mention but a few of the Sunnite/Wahabi myths. Such falsehoods and lies form the tenets of all Muhammadans, despite the differences among their three major creeds. Such differences are found in the number and names of mortal deities/gods to be invoked, worshiped, revered, and sanctified beside Muhammad! These gods include the so-called saints (male and female) of Sufis, progeny and family members of Prophet Muhammad, the so-called companions, or contemporaries, to Prophet Muhammad, and the imams of the Sufis, the Shiites, and the Sunnites. Hence, the deification space expands to include endless lists of sanctified mortals, reaching 99% of that space, and God receives only 1% of the space allotted for worship and reverence. However, 100% of worship, glorification, reverence, and sanctification are due to God alone, the Creator and the Sole Owner of the Universe and the Last Day, the Eternal Judge Who never has partners in His Judgment. If the 'moderate' Muhammadans within the three earthly man-made fabricated creeds are foes of Quranists, extremist bigots of the more violent Wahabism are the Quranists' mortal enemies. The culture of Wahabism spread among leaders and the cultural elite in Egypt with varying degrees. Anyway, all of the above groups in Egypt refuse any degree of reform in education, legislation, and religious thought and discourse in Egypt. The remaining group in Egypt is the Christians (Orthodox Copts), who are two types in their turn. There is the type that include extremists who hate our Quranist intellectual jihad against Wahabism, as they do not care for our defense of Islam, because the Quranists commit the 'crime' of showing true Islam, and thus, they lose the toy, Wahabism, used for their own benefit and serving their purposes. They are happy to attack Islam as a terrorist religion, thinking Wahabism is synonymous with it. Another type of Christian Copts is the religious ones who hate and fear Quranism and Quranists' intellectual output because it sheds negative light on the Christian faith tenets; Quranists call for the secular nature of Islam, with no mediators between God and human beings and with no deification and worship of mortals. Orthodox Copts in Egypt are bent to retain the power and authority of their Church and its control over Copts, who are made to believe Sufi-like myths about 'holy' mortals and their miracles.                         

3- All of the above groups in Egypt stick to the societal culture that aims at maintaining social order anyway, and they want the Constitution of Egypt to express this within agreement among the committee members who undertook the mission of drafting the Constitution. We call for a constitution that reflects the higher values of any given human society. The committee members want a constitution that reflects existing and current values of the Egyptian society. It is as if the constitution is to descend to the lowest levels to cope with (bad and good) societal values and norms! Many of social values in Egypt are bad, such as vendetta in Upper Egypt, inferior status of women, and depriving women of their due share of inheritance. Many Egyptians mores and norms contradict the higher values of justice and freedom; the Constitution of Egypt should solve such problems, not to fix them as part of its features! We must remember that social norms, values, and mores change in every era, and they have changed rapidly within the last five decades. Egyptians of today differ from those in the 1950s, for instance. Accordingly, any positive or negative changes assert the fact that the constitution should be above social values, to express higher values of humanity and to reform social norms and mores. The reference of any constitution should be the higher humanistic values, expressed as well within the seven principles of the Islamic sharia explained in this study.

4- We conclude then that there is a unanimous agreement among the followers of the three Muhammadan man-made creeds to reject Quranism and Quranists, based on the influence exerted by the dominant culture of Wahabism in Egypt, prevalent since mid-1970s. Contradictory political stances pose a problem here, locally, regionally, and internationally, as all people struggle for power and wealth. The USA, for instance, fights Wahabi militants of Al-Qaeda terrorists headed by Ayman Al-Zawahiri but supports the terrorist Wahabi MB group members, in Egypt, that include as member of it Muhammad Al-Zawahiri, brother of Ayman Al-Zawahiri. Another example of contradictions is the KSA that stands against the terrorist MB group members in Egypt yet sponsor and support the MB members in Syria and Iraq. The conflict in Egypt between the military men and the terrorist MB group members does NOT revolve around faith tenets; even military men are influenced with Wahabi culture in varying degrees. Rather, it is a political conflict over power, authority, and wealth; and this conflict makes the application of the seven principles of the Islamic sharia and the required reform before application rendered impossible.              

5- The query is still posed: why we are writing this though we know it is impossible to apply in Egypt now? The answer is simple; we write to clear and ease our conscience by telling people the truth, in fear of God and His punishment. Those who stifle telling the truth of Quranism are cursed: "Those who suppress the proofs and the guidance We have revealed, after We have clarified them to humanity in the Scripture-those-God curses them, and the cursers curse them." (2:159). We write as well for the benefit of the next generations in Egypt and elsewhere. We write in hope to be a witness in the Last Day concerning my people, with whom we have lived in Egypt, and to assert our endeavors and sufferings and persecutions for the sake of Quran and Quranism: "On the Day when We raise in every community a witness against them, from among them, and bring you as a witness against these. We have revealed to you the Book, as an explanation of all things, and guidance, and mercy and good news for those who submit. God commands justice, and goodness, and generosity towards relatives. And He forbids immorality, and injustice, and oppression. He advises you, so that you may take heed." (16:89-90). If our intellectual jihad, by our writings, is of no use to anyone in this life, we hope to be rewarded by God Who does not waste away endeavors and efforts of those who perform good deeds.            

The last line:

''I desire nothing but reform, as far as I can. My success lies only with God. In Him I trust, and to Him I turn.'' (11:88). God says nothing but the Truth.                            

The Seven Principles of the Real Islamic Sharia and How to Apply Them
The Seven Principles of the Real Islamic Sharia and How to Apply Them

By: Dr. Ahmed Subhy Mansour
Translated by Ahmed Fathy


ABOUT THIS BOOK:
The commonly used term 'principles of the Islamic sharia' is vague, because it remains to be the center of hot political debates as well as political manipulation and deceit. This research presents to readers what we deem as the Quran-based real principles of the Islamic sharia and how to apply them based on a Quranist vision, in hope of realizing religious reform among the Muhammadans who think of themselves as 'Muslims'. May God come to the aid of all of us.

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